Posted in git, web

Learn Git

Git is the industry-standard version control system for web developers.

  • git init creates a new Git repository
  • git status inspects the contents of the working directory and staging area
  • git add adds files from the working directory to the staging area
  • git diff shows the difference between the working directory and the staging area
  • git commit permanently stores file changes from the staging area in the repository
  • git log shows a list of all previous commits

 

Git backtrackΒ Β allow you to undo changes made to your Git project.

  • git checkout HEAD filename: Discards changes in the working directory.
  • git reset HEAD filename: Unstages file changes in the staging area.
  • git reset SHA: Can be used to reset to a previous commit in your commit history.

 

Git branching allows users to experiment with different versions of a project by checking out separate branches to work on.

  • git branch: Lists all a Git project’s branches.
  • git branch branch_name: Creates a new branch.
  • git checkout branch_name: Used to switch from one branch to another.
  • git merge branch_name: Used to join file changes from one branch to another.
  • git branch -d branch_name: Deletes the branch specified.

 

A remote is a Git repository that lives outside your Git project folder. Remotes can live on the web, on a shared network or even in a separate folder on your local computer.

The Git Collaborative Workflow are steps that enable smooth project development when multiple collaborators are working on the same Git project.

  • git clone: Creates a local copy of a remote.
  • git remote -v: Lists a Git project’s remotes.
  • git fetch: Fetches work from the remote into the local copy.
  • git merge origin/master: Merges origin/master into your local branch.
  • git push origin <branch_name>: Pushes a local branch to the originremote.